Climate research and the political sphere are in broad agreement that the increase in global temperatures caused by the emissions of greenhouse gases has to be limited to a maximum of two degrees by 2050. Otherwise the consequences triggered off by climate change will be barely controllable.
Thus, drastic measures are needed worldwide to reduce the harmful emissions released into the air primarily during the combustion of fossil fuels, such as coal, oil or gas. And this is required especially of densely populated urban areas and metropolises as these consume particularly high quantities of energy.
Berlin is fulfilling its responsibility here: With its ambitious climate protection agreements and numerous initiatives across the city state, the Federal State (Land) of Berlin is striving to reduce its CO2 emissions by more than 40 percent by 2020 compared to 1990. And the intention is to even reduce the CO2 emissions by 85 percent by 2050.
Climate protection plays a central role in the Federal State (Land) of Berlin's strategy for the future supply of energy, one which is in line with the principle of security of supply, as well as being socially acceptable and environmentally compatible. For this reason its energy policy decisions are closely connected to fields of activity relevant for the climate.
The central steering and management of all the Federal State (Land) of Berlin's climate protection activities is under the responsibility of the Senate Department for Health, the Environment and Consumer Protection. It brings together the various climate protection objectives the Berlin Senate is aiming to achieve in its fields of activity and coordinates the projects and players across the city state in its own working groups.
Berlin's commitment to climate protection can be seen in its numerous public and private climate protection projects. These include support programmes, climate protection agreements, energy saving partnerships, energy efficient renovation of buildings, the use of solar energy systems and mini-combined heat and power units, as well as a range of information and competitions. Through its efforts here, not only is Berlin assuming its responsibility for climate protection on a local level, with its implementation strategies and the position it has taken, it is also striving to be a role model for other municipalities and states, both within Germany and abroad.
Berlin has been so successful with its initiatives and climate protection projects to date, that by 2005 it had already achieved its 2010 aim of reducing its CO2 emissions by at least 25 percent compared to 1990.
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